Glossary

 

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Garment types

Embroidery stitches

Weaves

 

Garment types

Ordinary coat/ordinary costume, changfu, 常服 常服

Court coat/court costume, chaofu, 朝服 朝服

Celebration coat/Dragon Robe, jifu/longpao/mangpao, 祭服/龙袍/蟒袍 祭服/龍袍/蟒袍

Manchu women’s vest, chaogua, 朝褂 朝褂

Han women’s long-vest, xiabei, 下褙 下褙

Surcoat, gunfu, 衮服   袞服

Rank badge, buzi, 补子 補子

Asymmetrical dragon collar, piling, 纰领  紕領

Stiff collar band/collar head, lingtou, 领头 領頭

Cloud collar, yunjian, 云裥 雲襇

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Embroidery stitches

Stitch, zhenmu/zhenfa, 针目/针法, 針目/針法

Running stitch, pingzhen feng, 平针缝 平針縫

Knot stich, jieli feng, 结粒缝 結粒縫

Back stitch, huizhen feng, 回针缝 回針縫

Basket stitch, lanbian feng, 蓝编缝 藍編縫

Beijing stitch, Beijing feng, 北京缝 北京縫

Blanket stitch, maotanbian feng, 毛毯边缝 毛毯邊縫

Blind stitch, mangfeng, 盲缝 盲縫

Brick stitch, qizhuan feng, 砌砖缝 砌磚縫

Broad chain stitch, nixiaolian feng, 逆销链缝 逆銷鏈縫

Bullion knot stitch, juanxian jieli feng, 卷线结粒缝 捲線結粒縫

Canvas stitch, fanbu feng, 帆布缝, 帆布縫

Chain feather stitch, yumaolian feng, 羽毛链缝 羽毛鏈縫

Chain stitch, lianfeng/suolian feng, 链缝/锁链缝 鏈縫/鎖鏈縫

Couching stitch, zhenxian feng, 钉线缝 釘線縫

Cross stitch, shizi feng/shizi xiu, 十字缝/十字绣 十字縫/十字繡

Double chain stitch, shuanglian feng/shuangxian lianfeng zhenbu, 双链缝/双线链缝针步 雙鏈縫/雙線鏈縫針步

Double feather stitch, shuangyumao feng, 双羽毛缝 雙羽毛縫

Eyelet stitch, kongyan feng, 孔眼缝 孔眼縫

Feather stitch, yumao feng, 羽毛缝 羽毛縫

Filling stitch, tianzhen feng, 填针缝 填針縫

Flat stitch, pingmian feng, 平面缝 平面縫

Half back stitch, banhuizhen feng, 半回针缝 半回針縫

Open chain stitch, kaishilian feng, 开式链缝 開式鏈縫

Overcast stitch/overcasting stitch, raobian feng, 绕边缝 繞邊縫

Padding stitch, bazi feng/diandi feng, 八字缝/垫底缝 八字縫/墊底縫

Pick stitch, luosui feng, 落穗缝 落穂縫

Plain stitch/Picking stitch, pingzhen feng, 平针缝 平針縫

Satin stitch, duanmian feng/pingmian feng, 缎面缝/平面缝 緞面縫/平面縫

Shadow stitch, yingxing feng, 影形缝 影形縫

Split stitch, fenlie feng, 分裂缝 分裂縫

Straight stitch, zhixian feng, 直线缝 直線縫

Weaving stitch, bianzhi feng, 编织缝 編織縫

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Weaves

Complex gauze

Satin weave, duanwen, 緞文

Slit tapestry weave, kesi (k'o szu, k'o ssu, ke ssu), 緙絲

Tabby weave, pingwen, 平紋

Twill weave, xiewen, 斜紋

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